X is for:
Xerox – no dog is a carbon copy of another. Treat and train your dog as an individual.
Y is for:
Yawn – this can be a stress signal. Watch out for yawns and signals of frustraion, they are a frequently missed precurser of dog bites.
Yappy – some dogs attrmpt to communicate ‘verbally’ and they have something to say so I don’t recommend trying to silence them. Making them feel like they are being listened to really helps build trust.
Yelling – you don’t enjoy yappy dogs so don’t be a yappy human.
Yard – use it if you’ve got it but don’t neglect the power of the leash.
Z is for:
Zen – hold a treat in your closed fist and open your hand to grant access in reponse to a calm dog who is not trying to ‘mug’ your hand or use teeth. This simple exercise is great for teaching impulse control. This is also a simple training tool that doesn’t require a clicker of a great sense of timing.
Zoomies – some dogs get their excess energy out by dashing around and chascing their toys. If your dog does this then utilize the training opportunities.